Asset Limited, Income Constrained, Employed

New United Way Report on the Trends Impacting Working Families That Struggle to Make Ends Meet

United Way ALICE® Report: State’s working poor labor force is growing

New York is inching dangerously close to having 50 percent of its families lacking sufficient income and resources for housing, food, child care, transportation and health care, according to a report released by United Way of New York State.

In the last two years, United Ways in 16 states have participated in ALICE, which stands for – Asset Limited, Income Constrained, Employed – to place a spotlight on a growing population of residents who are working, but struggle to afford basic necessities.

The report uses data from a variety of sources, including the U.S. Census and the American Community Survey, to provide tools that quantify the number of households in New York’s workforce that are struggling financially.

The New York ALICE Report reveals:

  •  2.1 million households in NYS have incomes above the poverty level but below the ALICE threshold budget for survival.  With an additional 1.1 million households below the poverty line, 44% of New York households can no longer afford all of life’s basic necessities:  food, shelter, child care, transportation and health care.
  •   To meet New York’s average ALICE threshold for survival, a single adult needs an annual income of $20,496 or $10.25/hour. Yet nearly 1 million New Yorkers who work in retail sales, restaurants and home health services are paid below the ALICE threshold.
  • From 2007 to 2014, the cost of housing, food and health care in New York far exceeded the rise in salaries, thus increasing the number of ALICE households. The report’s town-by-town breakdown shows that ALICE exists statewide among all age groups, household types, and racial and ethnic groups.

ALICE families face a variety of challenges:  low-wage jobs located far from their homes (with the attendant rise in transportation costs); and having few or no assets to cushion the cost of an unexpected health emergency or caregiving need, and limiting the opportunities for their children.

The New York ALICE Report provides an analysis of how many households are struggling in every town, and what it costs to pay for basic necessities in different parts of the state (Household Survival Budget).

United Ways work with many community partners to provide support to ALICE families to help them get through a crisis and avoid a downward spiral into even worse circumstances such as homelessness as well as assisting with financial literacy, education and workforce readiness.

The ALICE Report recommends both short-term and long-term strategies to help ALICE families and strengthen our communities. The ALICE Report will be used by United Ways around the state, in conversation with our many partners and supporters, to understand ALICE’s circumstances better, and find better ways to help ALICE.

The New York ALICE Report was funded by the 38 United Ways in New York State and KeyBank with assistance from IBM.

To read a copy of the report and view state and municipal data on the size and demographics of ALICE households and to learn more about how this financial hardship affects ALICE families and our communities, visit


ALICE has received statewide press coverage:

See more news coverage:

Albany Times Union

Hudson Valley News Network

Jamestown Post Journal

Journal News

Shared Content Journal News/Poughkeepsie Journal

Mid Hudson News

NY Up (Syracuse)

Poughkeepsie Journal

Rochester Democrat & Chronicle

Watertown Daily Times

WSYR, local Syracuse TV

WWNYT -- Watertown local TV